Gout: Diagnosis and Treatment

18e32fc3c875ba68fbedec4f80f732

(Source: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases)

What is Gout?

Gout is a painful form of arthritis caused by a buildup of uric acid. The buildup is also known as hyperuricemia. The higher your uric acid level, the more likely you are to get gout. Excess uric acid can form crystals in the joints and lead to swelling and pain.

The first attack of gout usually occurs in the big toe.

Flares are said to be extremely painful, and are associated with red, swollen and tender joints. Flares can also be found in the feet, ankles, hands, wrists elbows and knees.

How Is Gout Diagnosed?

Doctors often ask about symptoms, medical history and family history of gout. Signs and symptoms of gout include:

  • Hyperuricemia
  • Uric acid crystals in joint fluid
  • More than one attack of acute arthritis
  • Arthritis that develops in 1 day, producing a swollen, red and warm joint
  • Attack of arthritis in only one joint, usually the toe, ankle, or knee.

To confirm a diagnosis of gout, your doctor may draw a sample of fluid from an inflamed joint to look for crystals associated with gout.

How Is Gout Treated?

Doctors use medicines to treat an acute attack of gout, including:

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Corticosteroids, such as prednisone
  • Colchicine, which works best when taken within the first 12 hours of an acute attack.

Sometimes doctors prescribe NSAIDs or colchicine in small daily doses to prevent future attacks. There are also medicines that lower the level of uric acid in the blood.

How Can I Manage my case of Gout?

High levels of uric acid can lead to crystals in the joint, causing swelling and pain. If uric acid levels are left untreated, flare-ups will happen more often, be more painful, and joint damage will occur.

Keeping uric acid levels below 6 mg/dl reduces the risk of gout attacks with long-term treatment. At this level, crystals in the joints dissolve, resulting in fewer attacks.

 

You don’t have to live another day with uncontrollable pain in your joints.

Contact us to learn more about gout or to schedule an appointment.

Advertisements
Leave a comment

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: